Bunions – Hallus Abductor Valgus
Bunions (Hallus Abducto Valgus) are a common foot problem that affects the joint at the base of the big toe (first metatarsophalangeal joint). In Latin “bunion” means enlargement, while “hallux abducto valgus (HAV)” refers to a bending inward of the big toe.
When the big toe bends in towards the other toes while the bone behind it (1st metatarsal) pushes outward, this can create a considerable amount of stress on the joint (first metatarsophalangeal joint). Due to these bending inwards, a sharp angle at the big toe joint is created, resulting in the formation of a bunion. Initially, this enlargement is composed of swollen tissue which becomes irritated by any external pressure (for example tight shoes). Eventually this swollen tissue thickens to form a very large lump or bunion.
There is an obvious relationship between bunions and shoes, since bunions do not occur in cultures that go barefoot. High heels, pointed shoes, ballet shoes, excessively tight shoes, and even cowboy boots often lead to the development of bunions.
Symptoms and Diagnosis of Bunions
In the first stages of bunion formation, bunions are often not painful until there is a significant inward deviation of the big toe. Some of the symptoms commonly associated with bunions include localized pain near the joint (often only with palpation), redness, swelling and restricted motion.
In diagnosing bunions a complete physical examination and patient history report are required, as well as X-rays. These enable the physician to measure joint angles in order to determine the severity of the condition. It also allows the physician to rule out fractures or other pathological processes.
Lateral Foot Pain – Cuboid Syndrome
Cuboid syndrome is a condition that causes lateral foot pain. In forty percent of cases Cuboid syndrome is associated with lateral ankle sprains (inversion sprain). This syndrome affects the joint (capsule), ligaments, and tendons (peroneus longus tendon).
This syndrome is defined as a “minor disruption or subluxation of the structural congruity of the calcaneocuboid portion of the midtarsal joint”. In laymen’s terms, the cuboid bone has moved from its normal position in the joint.
It is a common syndrome, but not well-recognized by practitioners. Cuboid syndrome also goes by several other names: subluxated cuboid, dropped cuboid, cuboid fault syndrome, and lateral plantar neuritis.
Resolving Plantar Fasciitis
Of all the conditions that we treat Plantar Fasciitis (PF), is one of the most common. In fact, between the running community and the general public I see new cases of Plantar Fasciitis almost every day. This can be a very frustrating condition for a lot of people who previously have achieved only minimal or no results. The key to a complete resolution of Plantar Fascitis is to find what structures are involved, treat them and re-establish normal movement patterns.
Buy the Book!
Have you been suffering due to excruciating pain in the bottom of your foot? Are you missing out on your active-living lifestyle because of the pain? This easy-to-read book helps you to understand the true causes of Plantar Fasciitis, its impact on the other structures of your body (your kinetic chain), and provides simple, non-invasive, and effective tools for eliminating your problem. Unlike most programs which focus on just your feet, you will learn to look at your body as a dynamic web of interconnected links - the Kinetic Web. You may discover that your Plantar Fasciitis case is caused by injuries and restrictions in other, distant parts of your body. You will learn how to find these problem areas, and then truly resolve your Plantar Fasciitis for the long-term by building your own unique, individualized routine of myofascial releases, stretches, and strengthening exercises to address your specific issues. So get back to your active, pain-free lifestyle, and get rid of that pain in the bottom of your feet.
Sciatica is a nerve compression syndrome that can be extremely painful and difficult to manage for both the patient and practitioner. Sciatic pain often affects the lower back, gluteal region, and various areas of the leg and foot. Often, the symptoms effect only on one side of the body.
Sciatica can be caused by a disc herniation, compression of the lumbar nerve roots, spinal stenosis, and/or entrapment of the sciatic nerve along its path from the lumbar spine down the leg.
Most cases of sciatica are mechanical in nature (98%) and are not secondary to some other pathological process (Infections, tumors, blood clots).
What Are Typical Sciatica Symptoms?
The sciatic nerve is a very long nerve that extends from the hips down the back of the leg, to the heels. Sciatica symptoms vary depending on just where the sciatic nerve is impinged or restricted. Symptoms include:
Pain when you sneeze or cough
Pins and needles in your legs
Burning or tingling down the leg
Pain in the rear of the leg that gets worse when sitting
A continuous, constant pain on one side of the buttocks and leg
Weakness, numbness or difficulty moving the leg or foot
A shooting pain that makes it difficult to stand up
Pain that feels like a bad leg cramp, but which can last for weeks