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Interwoven Threads: The Plantar Fascia-Achilles Tendon Link

You might be pondering the connection between the plantar fascia, located at the base of your foot, and the Achilles tendon. The significant link between these two structures significantly influences both your body's biomechanics and its ability to generate force. As you delve deeper, you'll realize that any strain in the Achilles tendon (and the related calf muscles) promptly affects the plantar fascia.

The Achilles tendon is the product of two calf muscles, the gastrocnemius and soleus, merging. If these muscles experience any tension or limitations, it promptly manifests in the Achilles tendon and subsequently the plantar fascia. This strain can swiftly modify your walking patterns and considerably impact your capacity to store and release energy during activities such as walking, running, or jumping.


The Splendor of Our Plantar Fascia

Your plantar fascia is a remarkable structure, playing several vital roles. This brilliant element heightens shock absorption as a mobile adapter, stabilizes the metatarsal joints, and bolsters propulsion during walking and running by transforming into a rigid lever.

In addition to these, the plantar fascia safeguards the arch of the foot, preventing it from collapsing (by lifting the arch during the preparatory phase of gait for take-off). This action embodies what is known as the Windlass Mechanism of the plantar fascia. Indeed, the plantar fascia stands out as a superbly designed structure.

When the plantar fascia is robust and flexible, its functions are executed impeccably. However, localized tension resulting from repetitive movements, injuries, or muscle imbalances can lead to a decrease in the plantar fascia's elasticity. This decline in elasticity often results in diminished shock absorption and propulsion capabilities. Similarly, transferred tension from the Achilles tendon can also trigger these issues.


The Connections are Strong! (Young Padawan)

Apologies, but I simply couldn't resist a bit of Star Wars humor there. (And may the Force accompany you!)

Steering back to our main topic, the heart of the plantar fascia is known as the plantar aponeurosis. This part is considerably thicker compared to the slender edges of the plantar fascia (the medial and lateral sections). This robust plantar aponeurosis plays a key role in channeling forces through the Achilles tendon (at the conclusion of the Stance Phase of gait) to the forefoot. (2,3,4,5)

The interconnection of the Achilles tendon and the plantar fascia is an effective system for generating force. However, complications often surface when imbalances or restrictions exist further up the kinetic chain, eventually leading to issues in the foot. As previously stated, the Achilles tendon is a product of the two calf muscles, which have a direct connection with the hamstrings. These hamstrings, in turn, are influenced by imbalances or restrictions in the hip muscles.

This is why it's critical to look beyond the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia when addressing tension. We must also consider the broader kinetic chain, ensuring tension is properly managed throughout.


Tackle The Full Kinetic Chain - Suggested Exercises

As you delve into the exercises listed below, ponder over why we have selected these particular recommendations. Keep in mind, our objective is not only to address restrictions in the plantar fascia but also to handle those in the calf muscles, hamstrings, and even the gluteal muscles. Moreover, we must take into account potential restrictions in the antagonist muscles.

Movement Enhancement Exercises

Sam's Daily Five Hip and Leg Stretches

Engaging in routine stretching exercises is vital for preserving optimal musculoskeletal health, particularly for those who spend considerable time seated. Sam's Daily Five Hip and Leg Stretches provide a practical and beneficial routine to incorporate as an active break during long sitting sessions.

Foot Pain Relief - Self Myofascial Release

Foot mobility is of paramount importance in the prevention of injuries, the enhancement of sports performance, and the management of various foot conditions such as plantar fasciitis and bunions. Appreciating the far-reaching impact of foot mobility on the entire kinetic chain, including the ankles, knees, hips, and lower back, is essential.


Strengthening Exercises

Strengthening exercises are essential when it comes to both the Achilles tendon and the plantar fascia, given their significant roles in our daily mobility. These exercises enhance the resilience and durability of these structures, enabling them to better handle the stress of regular movement and physical activity. A stronger Achilles tendon and plantar fascia can effectively absorb and distribute forces, reducing the risk of injury and strain.

Moreover, strengthening these areas contributes to improved balance, stability, and overall foot function, which is critical for activities like walking, running, and jumping. So, to ensure optimal foot health and function, a consistent regimen of targeted strengthening exercises is indispensable.

Effective Foot and Toe Strengthening

Having strong ankles, feet, and toes is essential for injury prevention and optimal sports performance. The anatomy and biomechanics of the foot and ankle complex play a vital role in maintaining the body's stability, balance, and movement.

Improve Your Balance - Advanced

Exercise - Balance exercises can be of great benefit to people of any age. Balance exercises improve your ability to control and stabilize your body's position. Balance exercises are great at reducing injury risk, rehabilitating current injuries, or increasing your sports performance.



In conclusion, understanding the intricate relationship between the plantar fascia and the Achilles tendon is key to maintaining foot health and enhancing overall physical performance. These structures are not isolated entities but part of a larger kinetic chain involving various muscles and joints, each affecting the other. Any tension or imbalance within this system can manifest in issues affecting our mobility, highlighting the importance of holistic, targeted exercises to maintain strength and flexibility.

Remember, optimal foot function is not just about individual components but about the harmony and balance of the entire kinetic chain. So, embrace the exercises suggested, understand the mechanics, and take a comprehensive approach towards maintaining your foot health. After all, every step towards better foot health is a leap towards improved overall well-being.



Dr. Abelson is committed to running an evidence-based practice (EBP) incorporating the most up-to-date research evidence. He combines his clinical expertise with each patient's specific values and needs to deliver effective, patient-centred, personalized care.

As the Motion Specific Release (MSR) Treatment Systems developer, Dr. Abelson operates a clinical practice in Calgary, Alberta, under Kinetic Health. He has authored ten publications and continues offering online courses and his live programs to healthcare professionals seeking to expand their knowledge and skills in treating musculoskeletal conditions. By staying current with the latest research and offering innovative treatment options, Dr. Abelson is dedicated to helping his patients achieve optimal health and wellness.



  1. Dynamic loading of the plantar aponeurosis in walking., Erdemir, A., Hamel, A.J., Fauth, A.R., Piazza, S.J., Sharkey, N.A., 2004. J. Bone Joint Surg. Am. 86-A (3), 546–552.

  2. The windlass mechanism of the foot: a mechanical model to explain pathology., Fuller EA. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2000;90:35–46.

  3. The biomechanical relationship between the tendoachilles, plantar fascia and metatarsophalangeal joint dorsiflexion angle., Carlson, R.E., Fleming, L.L., Hutton, W.C., 2000. Foot Ankle Int. 21 (1), 18–25.

  4. Three-dimensional reconstructions of the Achilles tendon insertion in man., Milz, S., Rufai, A., Buettner, A., Putz, R., Ralphs, J.R., Benjamin, M., 2002. J. Anat. 200 (Pt 2), 145–152.

  5. Anatomy of the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia in relation to the calcaneus in various age groups., Snow, S.W., Bohne, W.H., DiCarlo, E., Chang, V.K., 1995. Foot Ankle Int. 16 (7), 418–421.

  6. Neumann, D. A. (2010). Kinesiology of the Musculoskeletal System: Foundations for Rehabilitation. Elsevier Health Sciences.

  7. Stecco, C., Corradin, M., Macchi, V., Morra, A., Porzionato, A., Biz, C., De Caro, R. (2013). Plantar fascia anatomy and its relationship with Achilles tendon and paratenon. Journal of Anatomy, 223(6), 665–676. doi:10.1111/joa.12111.

  8. Huang, Y. C., Wang, L. Y., Wang, H. C., Chang, K. L., Leong, C. P. (2017). The Relationship Between the Flexible Flatfoot and Plantar Fasciitis: Ultrasonographic Evaluation. Chang Gung Medical Journal, 30(6), 449-456.

  9. Kim, J. H., Chung, J., Song, M., Park, K., Akram, J., Kim, J., Kim, S. J. (2019). The Role of the Plantar Fascia and Achilles Tendon Loading in Patients with Plantar Fasciitis. Physical Therapy Korea, 26(6), 373–380. doi:10.12674/ptk.2019.26.6.373.

  10. Alfredson, H., Cook, J. (2007). A treatment algorithm for managing Achilles tendinopathy: new treatment options. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(4), 211–216. doi:10.1136/bjsm.2007.035543.

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